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This post is about how to pass the BTLPT Texas certification exam.

You’ll get lots of great tips!

After two tries (3rd time was the charm!), much disappointment, and several pieces of humble pie, I passed that test!


I want to share with you what I did differently the third time around so that you’ll know how to pass the BTLPT exam, too! (and hopefully the first time!).

Some BTLPT Background

For those of you who don’t know, the Bilingual Target Language Proficiency Test, better known as the BTLPT, is one of the teacher certification tests required for individuals who’d like to teach bilingual education in the state of Texas.

Prospective bilingual teacher candidates in Texas who wish to teach in an elementary school setting must pass 4 exams (yes, four!) in order to be fully certified as a bilingual teacher.

Below are the required tests:

1. TExES Core Subjects EC-6 exam

Required for ALL elementary teacher candidates; tests knowledge of the main content areas taught in elementary school such as math, science, social studies, literacy, art, etc.

2. TExES Bilingual Education Supplemental exam

Just for those teacher candidates who want to be bilingual certified; tests knowledge of second language pedagogy.  Take a look at the article How to Pass the Bilingual Supplemental for tips on doing well on this exam.

3. TExES Bilingual Target Language Proficiency Test for Spanish

This one is a doozy and just for bilingual teacher candidates. It demonstrates one’s knowledge of the Spanish language within the context of education. This post is about this exam. ☺️

4. TExES Pedagogy and Professional Responsibilities, or PPR, EC-12 exam

Required for ALL teacher candidates K-12. It assesses knowledge of general teaching practices, educational ethics, and pedagogy.

You get five chances to pass each test, and each one costs about $115 + fees.


As a regular elementary classroom teacher, I had already passed (years ago!) the Core Subjects and PPR exams.

I took the bilingual supplemental exam  (#2 above) some time ago and passed with no issues.

While teaching in international schools overseas, I had thought about getting my bilingual certification just in case I ever decided to move back to the U.S one day (I’m back now, so I guess that was a good idea!)

During my years teaching abroad, the Texas bilingual certification exam had changed quite a bit, and I kept reading about how much more difficult it had become.

All that reading made me a little anxious, but I thought I could conquer that exam sin problema!

And here’s why…

I studied Spanish formally for years (I even minored in Spanish in college), studied abroad in Mexico, lived abroad in Central and South America for nine years, married a native Spanish speaker who speaks with me in Spanish all the time, and breathed the Spanish language and culture throughout my entire life.

I should know how to pass the BTLPT test, right? 

You’d think, but I got a dose of reality real fast!

Writing this blog post is a very humbling experience because my first and second testing outcomes didn’t happen the way I expected.

I walked into that testing center unprepared and with the wrong mindset.

The goal of this post is to help you NOT make the same mistakes that I did!

This post will arm you with the knowledge and resources you need to pass the BTLPT the first time! Soon enough, you’ll be celebrating!

How to Pass the BTLPT: Some General Tips

Before getting into what I did in order to pass the BTLPT, here’s some general advice you should know.

1. Be Honest with Yourself About Your Spanish Language Proficiency.

Ask yourself, “Do I really have a good, in-depth command of the Spanish language?”

Speaking Spanish colloquially with family and friends throughout your life may not be enough.

  • Are you able to understand spoken Spanish in different regional dialects?

  • Can you orally communicate your thoughts and messages clearly within a variety of contexts?

  • Do you understand a wide range of academic texts in Spanish, including history and literature?

  • How’s your writing? In addition to communicating and organizing your message well, do you have good knowledge of grammatical rules, correct use of accents, appropriate register?

If you answered “no” to any of the above questions, decide if you want to put in the required time and energy to improve upon your linguistic weaknesses.

Deep down, I knew that I had not only the motivation to pass the exam but also the right skill-set.

I just needed to refocus my energies, realign my mindset, and sharpen some of my linguistic skills.

Always be realistic about your linguistic strengths and weaknesses. Only you know if you truly have what it takes to pass.

2. Learn the Format of the Test.

Passing the BTLPT exam involves getting acquainted with the format of the test.

The official BTLPT manual from Pearson can help you with this.

During test day, the test will give you instructions on what to do in each section, but don’t waste your time figuring this stuff out on test day.  Get familiar with the exam format beforehand.

That way, during test day, you can focus your energies on doing your very best and not on test structure.

3. Evaluate and Focus on Areas of the Test in Which You are Most Weak.

If after using the BTLPT resource materials you realize that you’re weak in only one or two sections, focus your efforts on those areas.

For me, the oral expression section was a challenge.

I lived in Spanish-speaking countries for nine freakin’ years for crying out loud, using Spanish for most things during my daily activities outside of work!

Why in the world then couldn’t I hack the oral expression part!?


Focus, Focus, Focus!

That’s what I decided to do~FOCUS! I simply spent my study time practicing speaking exercises with time limits and within the context of educational topics!

4. Practice with Distractions and Time Limits.

Whatever sections you need to work on, do so within time limits and add a few distractions.

One of the tricks of how to pass the BTLPT is to master working within time constraints and with a few distractions.

All parts of the BTLPT exam are timed and during the actual exam, you’ll hear everyone around you!

It’s like blah, blah, blah…. SO DISTRACTING for little ‘ole me.

The first time I took the test, I totally let these distractions intimidate me.

I let that get into my head TOO much.

I was a mental wreck!

So I studied with the TV on, with soft music playing in the background, to my husband’s annoying tap, tap, tapping of a pen on the table as he worked 😜, to a timer, etc., and it worked!

During that successful test day, though the distractions were still present, they were much less intimidating.

I was so much more calm and relaxed.

Give it a try!


So those are some general tips on how to pass the BTLPT certification exam.

btlpt preparation materials

So what more can you do to be successful in passing each section of the BTLPT?

How to Pass the BTLPT Section by Section

Let’s delve into each area of the test so that you have the best tips on how to pass the BTLPT section for each one!

1.  How to Pass the BTLPT Written Expression Section

For this section, you’ll have three tasks: respond to an email, write a lesson plan, and construct an essay.

Pace yourself so that you complete all three tasks in 70 minutes.

You sort of need an “education” background for this section because the email and essay parts will be in the context of education.

  • Practice writing a lesson plan in the BTLPT format, and don’t deviate too much from it. Make sure your lesson plan is student-centered, hands-on/interactive for students, and includes a formal/informal assessment.
  • Know a wide variety of vocabulary from different content areas. If the lesson plan topic is poetry, you’ll be expected to list vocabulary on the lesson plan related to poetry. You don’t want points taken off simply because you don’t know words related to the given subject area. So know your respective grade level terms related to math, science, social studies, literacy, etc.
  • For the essay, construct it as you would an essay in English. Have an introduction, two or three main idea paragraphs with supporting details, and a conclusion that sums up the main point.
  • Throughout the written expression section, write in the appropriate register (formal vs. informal), and make good use of accent marks!
  • For the email response,  begin on a positive note and make sure to answer the question(s) asked of you. Don’t forget to begin with a salutation (e.g. Estimado Señor Pérez) and end with a simple closing (e.g. Sinceramente).

Tools to Help You Pass the Written Expression Section

The written expression section is the part I did the best with all three times (I wish it was allowed to retake only the parts in which you scored low ~ wishful thinking!)

  • If you’re looking to take your writing preparation to the next level, grab a copy of this BTLPT Writing Samples Bundle. It was written specifically with BTLPT test-takers in mind!

btlpt writing samples

2. How to Pass the BTLPT Listening Comprehension Section

During the listening section, you’ll hear each recording twice. When you listen the first time, listen strictly for comprehension.

Quirky Tip: I pressed the headphones to my ears to eliminate the sound of others around me.

After the first hearing, you’ll get a 40-second sneak peek of the questions.

Make shorthand notes (the testing center provides paper and pencil) of the main idea of each question.

That way, when you listen to the recording for a second time, you’ll know exactly what points to listen for.

After the second hearing, you’ll have 20 seconds to answer each question. If you took decent shorthand notes and listened carefully, you shouldn’t have too much trouble with this section.

As an extra tip, knowing a bit of Spanish and “Latino” culture, literature, and history is definitely beneficial as some of the listening comprehension passages come from those areas.

The other listening passages tend to center around educational settings (e.g. a principal speaking with a teacher or a parent conversing with a teacher).

Tools to Help You Pass the Listening Comprehension Section

  • is a good website for practicing listening comprehension. It provides transcripts so that you can follow along.
  • If you have access or are willing to pay, BrainPOP Español is another great option to practice Spanish listening comprehension. Each video comes with an online quiz and activities!
  • YouTube- listen to music, cartoons, and TV programs in Spanish!
  • “Check out” audio books in Spanish via Hoopla, an online digital library!

3. How to Pass the BTLPT Oral Expression Section

For the speaking section,  be aware that the timing and quickness of the exercises make it a little more challenging.

Make sure when responding during the simulated conversation and presentations that you give a response that specifically answers the questions and/or flows with the dialogue appropriately.

You can give the best statement with great points and perfect grammar, but if your response doesn’t answer the question or isn’t logical, you will be marked down.

For the oral expression parts that involve a presentation, you’ll have from 45 seconds to 2 minutes to prepare your statements before speaking.

Take advantage of this time and take shorthand notes about what you plan to say.

It’s almost like a doing a super-fast mini brainstorming session.

I made a general outline of what I was to say and then used that outline to guide me as I spoke. It worked pretty well.

Additionally, remember to speak in the appropriate register throughout.

Last but not least, you may be tempted to repeat information, but don’t.

If the prompt asks to share two or three reasons with examples, make sure to give two or three very different responses.

Tools to Help You Pass the Oral Expression Section

  • Practice with similar speaking tasks. Barron’s AP Spanish Language and Culture book has great oral expression activities that are similar in nature to the BTLPT.
  • Speak in Spanish A LOT! If you don’t have Spanish-speaking peers, friends, or acquaintances that you feel comfortable practicing with, consider signing up for StartSpanish. It’s a fantastic online language company that offers quality conversational group and private classes in Spanish! At the date of this writing, the company offers a trial period if you want to test it out first.

4. How to Pass the BTLPT Reading Comprehension Section

Those reading passages are pretty in-depth and cover a wide variety of topics.

Here are my tips on how to pass the BTLPT reading comprehension section:

  • Read the question(s) first and then scan the passage to find clues to the correct answer.
  • Watch out for tricky words or phrases in each answer choice. One word or phrase could make the entire statement untrue for the corresponding question.
  • Eliminate the answer choices that are obviously wrong. There are usually two of them. Then make the best selection from the remaining choices.

As an extra tip, it’s very helpful to have a decent foundation in Spanish and “Latino” culture, literature, and history as some of the reading comprehension passages relate to those areas.

Tools to Help You Pass the Reading Comprehension Section

  • Barron’s AP Spanish Language and Culture – This book is a decent choice for improving Spanish reading comprehension. It helped me tremendously.
  • offers excellent short and long reading comprehension passages. Many of the passages are translated in English and Spanish!


These are my tips for how to pass the BTLPT Texas certification exam.

Get your hands on some of these resources, create a schedule, and STAY CONSISTENT with studying/practicing.

An amazing bilingual teaching career awaits you!

I know what it’s like to fail, but with that failure comes greater motivation, determination, and more focused strategies in how to pass that darn BTLPT test!

¡Suerte con sus estudios!



  • Are you more of a visual learner? These BTLPT videos may be a great option for you in clarifying parts of the BTLPT exam.